After some negotiations the brewery was allowed to sell it under the name Schwarzer Abt "Black Abbot" but could not label it "Bier". The law's applicability was further limited by a court ruling in , which allowed the sale of beer with different ingredients as long as it was not labeled "beer". The basic law now declares that only malted grains, hops, water and yeast are permitted. Retrieved 26 August
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The basic law now declares that only malted grains, hops, water and yeast are permitted. In response to the growth of craft breweries globally, some commentators, : In late , Bavarian brewers voted in favor of a revision to the beer laws to allow other natural ingredients. The earliest documented mention of beer by a German nobleman is the granting of a brewing licence by Emperor Otto II to the church at Liege now Belgium , awarded in The Bavarian order of formed the basis of rules that spread slowly throughout Germany.
Bavaria insisted on its application throughout Germany as a precondition of German unification in The move encountered strong resistance from brewers outside Bavaria, and imperial law of taxed the use of other ingredients rather than banning them when used by Northern German brewers.
Bavarian law remained stricter than that of the rest of the country, leading to legal conflict during the '50s and early '60s. Outside of Germany, the Reinheitsgebot was formally incorporated in Greek law by the first Greek king, Otto originally a Bavarian prince.
In March , in a case brought by French brewers, the European Court of Justice found that the Reinheitsgebot was protectionist, and therefore in violation of Article 30 of the Treaty of Rome. After German reunification in the Neuzeller Kloster Brewery , a former monastery brewery in the East German town of Neuzelle , Brandenburg, was warned to stop selling its black beer as it contained sugar.
After some negotiations the brewery was allowed to sell it under the name Schwarzer Abt "Black Abbot" but could not label it "Bier". This decision was repealed by the Federal Administrative Court of Germany through a special permit, and after legal disputes lasting ten years known as the "Brandenburg Beer War" Neuzeller Kloster Brewery gained the right to call Schwarzer Abt "Bier" again.
The revised Vorläufiges Biergesetz Provisional Beer Law of , which replaced the earlier regulations, is a slightly expanded version of the Reinheitsgebot , stipulating that only water, malted barley, hops and yeast be used for any bottom-fermented beer brewed in Germany.
In addition, the law allows the use of powdered or ground hops and hop extracts, as well as stabilization and fining agents such as PVPP. Top-fermented beer is subject to the same rules, with the addition that a wider variety of malted grains can be used, as well as pure sugars for flavor and coloring. The law's applicability was further limited by a court ruling in , which allowed the sale of beer with different ingredients as long as it was not labeled "beer". Exceptions to the current rules can be sought, and have been granted to allow gluten-free beer to be labeled as beer despite the use of different ingredients.
Because of strong German consumer preferences, labeling beer as being compliant with Reinheitsgebot is believed to be a valuable marketing tool in Germany. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Beer portal Germany portal. Bavaria Cracks Down on Beer Brewers". Retrieved 5 September While barley is not very digestible and consequently does not make for good eating, grains like wheat and rye are great for bread.
The Bavarian leadership wanted to head off competition for those grains, in order to keep the price of food down. General contact details of provider: If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here.
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