Battle of Thermopylae

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A small circus described by Leake proved to be a theatre-like building constructed soon after AD around the altar and in front of the temple of Artemis Orthia. Archived from the original on August 11, Why do investors tolerate such high expense ratios in funds? Archived from the original on May 22, The Swiss-French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau contrasted Sparta favourably with Athens in his Discourse on the Arts and Sciences , arguing that its austere constitution was preferable to the more cultured nature of Athenian life.

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Personally I use the Spartan funds for my k. The expense ratios can't be beat and as a young person, you don't really need to have bonds, especially if they are in a retirement account and you don't plan on using the funds for decades. That statement doesn't make sense. Spartan funds are just a branded line of index funds.

They have exactly the volatility and return of their underlying index. Ah, I thought you were referring to the Spartan line of funds generally. Keep in mind there is nothing "safe" about a fund. Contribute monthly for cost average effect and adjust your contributions every 5 years to shift to bonds over time. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

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A variant of the epigram is inscribed on the Polish Cemetery at Monte Cassino. John Ruskin expressed the importance of this ideal to Western civilization as follows:.

Also obedience in its highest form is not obedience to a constant and compulsory law, but a persuaded or voluntary yielded obedience to an issued command His name who leads the armies of Heaven is "Faithful and True" Cicero recorded a Latin variation in his Tusculanae Disputationes 1. Additionally, there is a modern monument at the site, called the "Leonidas Monument", in honour of the Spartan king.

It features a bronze statue of Leonidas. A sign, under the statue, reads simply: The metope below depicts battle scenes. The two marble statues on the left and the right of the monument represent, respectively, the river Eurotas and Mount Taygetos , famous landmarks of Sparta.

In , a second monument was officially unveiled by the Greek government, dedicated to the Thespians who fought with the Spartans. The monument is made of marble and features a bronze statue depicting the god Eros , to whom the ancient Thespians accorded particular religious veneration.

Under the statue, a sign reads: Herodotus' colorful account of the battle has provided history with many apocryphal incidents and conversations away from the main historical events. These accounts are obviously not verifiable, but they form an integral part of the legend of the battle and often demonstrate the laconic speech and wit of the Spartans to good effect.

For instance, Plutarch recounts, in his Sayings of Spartan Women , upon his departure, Leonidas' wife Gorgo asked what she should do if he did not return, to which Leonidas replied, "Marry a good man and have good children. It is reported that, upon arriving at Thermopylae, the Persians sent a mounted scout to reconnoitre. The Greeks allowed him to come up to the camp, observe them, and depart. Xerxes found the scout's reports of the size of the Greek force, and that the Spartans were indulging in callisthenics and combing their long hair, laughable.

Seeking the counsel of Demaratus , an exiled Spartan king in his retinue, Xerxes was told the Spartans were preparing for battle, and it was their custom to adorn their hair when they were about to risk their lives.

Demaratus called them "the bravest men in Greece" and warned the Great King they intended to dispute the pass. He emphasized that he had tried to warn Xerxes earlier in the campaign, but the king had refused to believe him. He added that if Xerxes ever managed to subdue the Spartans, "there is no other nation in all the world which will venture to lift a hand in their defence. Herodotus also describes Leonidas' reception of a Persian embassy. The ambassador told Leonidas that Xerxes would offer him the kingship of all Greece if he joined with Xerxes.

To this Leonidas gave his famous answer: Such Laconic bravery doubtlessly helped to maintain morale. Herodotus writes that when Dienekes , a Spartan soldier, was informed that Persian arrows would be so numerous as "to block out the sun", he retorted, unconcerned: After the battle, Xerxes was curious as to what the Greeks had been trying to do presumably because they had had so few men and had some Arcadian deserters interrogated in his presence. When Xerxes asked what the prize was for the winner, the answer was: Upon hearing this, Tigranes , a Persian general, said: It is not for riches that they contend but for honour!

Men that fight not for gold, but for glory. The Battle of Thermopylae has remained a cultural icon of western civilization ever since it was fought. The battle is revisited in countless adages and works of popular culture, such as in films e. The battle is also discussed in many articles and books on the theory and practice of warfare. Prior to the battle, the Hellenes remembered the Dorians , an ethnic distinction which applied to the Spartans , as the conquerors and displacers of the Ionians in the Peloponnesus.

After the battle, Spartan culture became an inspiration and object of emulation, a phenomenon known as Laconophilia. Similarities between the Battle of Thermopylae and the Battle of Persian Gate have been recognized by both ancient and modern authors, [] which describe it as a kind of reversal of the Battle of Thermopylae, [] calling it "the Persian Thermopylae".

There are even accounts that a local shepherd informed Alexander's forces about the secret path, just as a local Greek showed the Persian forces a secret path around the pass at Thermopylae. Although some authors state the result was a Pyrrhic victory for Persia, [] [] the majority of authors do not apply this label to the result: A huge number of estimates have been made since the 19th century, ranging from 15, to acceptance of Herodotus' 1,, No real consensus exists; even the most recent estimates by academics vary between , and , As Holland puts it, "in short Edit Read in another language Battle of Thermopylae.

For other battles at Thermopylae, see Battle of Thermopylae disambiguation. For the film, see The Spartans. Second Persian invasion of Greece. Monuments Edit There are several monuments around the battlefield of Thermopylae. Epitaph of Simonides Edit. Battle of Thermopylae in popular culture. Sparta in popular culture. There are several analogous battles. A Corpus of Sources of the Achaemenid Period: Retrieved 26 November The Organization of Xerxes' Army.

The Greek and Persian Wars B. Thereupon the Spartans sent these men to Media for execution. The Battle For The West: Archived from the original JPG on 30 September Egypt, Greece, and Rome: Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean. Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 28 February Retrieved 27 March Archived from the original on 19 March Filling Gaps in the Thermopylae Epigram".

Retrieved 10 October International Dictionary of Historic Places. Heckel, "Alexander at the Persian Gates", Athenaeum 58 , , p. Prevas , Envy of the Gods: Alexander the Great's Art of Strategy.

Retrieved 10 August Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battle of Thermopylae. Livius articles on ancient history. Archived from the original on 11 October Retrieved 19 October Smith, Symposion Lectures , 30 June Modern monument at siu.

Retrieved from " https: Part of the Greco-Persian Wars. Date 20 August [1] or 8—10 September [2] BC. Persians gain control of Phocis , Boeotia , and Attica [3]. Location of the battle of Thermopylae. Go tell the Spartans, thou who passest by, That here, obedient to their laws, we lie. Stranger, tell the Spartans that we behaved as they would wish us to, and are buried here. Low Volatility ETFs invest in securities with low volatility characteristics. These funds tend to have relatively stable share prices, and higher than average yields.

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